Symptoms of atopic eczema


The symptoms of atopic eczema = plates + dry skin + itching

The intensity of the symptoms varies significantly from one individual to another and in accordance with the age of the patient and the time of the examination (flare-up or a remission). Atopic eczema most often starts during the first three months of infancy.

symptoms atopic skin


photos atopic eczema baby adultRed patches appear first. They are then covered by small weeping blisters that turn into scabs. Rapid treatment of the disease prevents any kind of complication. (For example, staphylococcus aureus superinfection.)
photos atopic eczema baby adult

Prof. J. Mazereeuw's Collection (Toulouse)

signs of inflammation atopic dermatitis

red patches atopic dermatitis

oozing-atopic-dermatitis

swelling-edema-atopic-dermatitis

 scratch marks excoriation atopic dermatitis.

thickening of the skin lichenification atopic dermatitis symptoms

dry skin xerosis atopic dermatitis symptoms

Localization

  • Before Year 1, atopic eczema affects the most exposed zones (cheeks, forehead).

localization atopic  eczema baby

  • After the first year, it is often located in the folds of the skin (neck, elbows, behind the knees, under the arms).

localization atopic  eczema baby after the first year

  • In adults, if the dermatitis continues, the face, neck and hands are affected the most.

localization atopic  eczema adults

Atopic eczema evolves in the form of flare-ups
alternating with periods of remission (eczema-free periods).

Each time redness appears, this is a flare-up.
The inflammation always appears in the same fashion: redness, blisters, weeping sores, scabs (potentially edemas), scarring, then xerosis (dry skin). This is the period in which the child scratches the most. It is also the time in which the child's sleep may be affected the most (and the parents' as well).
A risk of superinfection is present.

reduce inflammation atopic dermatitisEczema flare-ups require rapid treatment

Corticosteroids, applied only on the inflamed areas, will rapidly soothe the inflammation.
A treatment that is followed properly from the start will allow the patient to very rapidly experience an improvement in quality of life.

 
 

 

rebuild the skin atopic dermatitisDuring the remission period

Dry skin (xerosis) is almost constant and often associated with itching ("dry skin itches").
The application of emollients is crucial to reconstruct the skin and reduce dryness.

 

 

Evolution that is most often favorable

Flare-ups become less and less intense and frequent (especially if the treatment is appropriate).
Eczema often improves towards the age of 5-6. In some cases, atopic eczema can return again in adolescence on the occasion of psychoemotional or stressful events.
In adults, the skin will be normal or dry, although often more sensitive to allergens. Flare-ups may still occur during periods of stress.
 

Treat = to improve the prognosis